Hydraulic fracturing is a method used to create fractures that extend from a borehole into rock formations, which are typically maintained by a proppant. These methods, utilized for more than fifty years in the oil and natural gas industry, are informally called “fracing”. Fracturing techniques are used to increase or restore the rate at which fluids, such as oil, natural gas or water, can be recovered from the formation. By creating or restoring fractures, the surface area of the formation exposed to the borehole is increased and the fracture provides a conductive path connecting the reservoir to the well, which effectively increases the rate that fluids can be produced from the reservoir formations.
During fracturing operations, fluid is pumped into a well at sufficiently high pressure to fracture the formation. A proppant (sand or ceramic material) is then added to the fluid and injected into the fracture to prop it open, thereby permitting the hydrocarbons to flow more freely into the wellbore. Once the sand has been placed into the fracture, the fluid flows out of the well leaving the sand in place. This creates a very conductive pipeline into the formation. Normal fracturing operations require that the fluid be viscosified to help create the fracture in the reservoir and to carry the proppant into this fracture. After placing the proppant, the viscous fluid is then required to “break” back to its native state with very little viscosity so it can flow back out of the well, leaving the proppant in place.
Premier’s team has routinely provided fracturing services throughout Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana for more than twenty years. Premier offers a wide variety of standard and custom treatment options, including conventional gel, borate & zirconium crosslink, slick-water, gelled oil and foam systems, and energized fluids including N2 and CO2. In order to enhance the stimulation treatment, our team can coordinate the addition of specialized additives, such as biocides, gel breakers, gel stabilizers, clay stabilizers, fluid loss additives, surfactants, foaming agents, mutual solvents and friction reducers. Our crews are well trained and experienced and provide safe, timely, and effective services that yield proven results.